Like a powerful buffalo, whose fame, like thunder, thundered on the earth, they broke the path in the wild region and the road for future generations. These paths, known as trails, were soon marked by traces of adventure seekers, explorers and pioneers as they traveled west. These paths, known as trails, were soon marked by traces of adventure seekers, explorers and pioneers as they traveled west. One such trail called the Great Buffalo Trace led to the rugged banks of the Kentucky River. It happened here in Franklin County, not far from the state capitol of Kentucky, when millions of buffaloes found crossing the river in their trek through the Great Plains. The migration of these herds cleared the wide road that opened the gates for regular researchers and pioneers, such as George Rogers Clark and the legendary Daniel Boone, as well as numerous settlers who pushed America westward more than 220 years ago. The McAfee brothers first reviewed this place and its surroundings in 1773. The settlement was founded in 1775, when the brothers Hancock and Willis Lee set up their camp with the help of a small group of people.
The group struggled to survive in the harsh conditions of the wilderness, however, by 1789 the population in this area increased dramatically.
Those who settled there quickly realized the advantage of water rich in lime and fertile loamy soil, which was ideal for growing exceptional grains. Soon this was followed by a distillation process and entrenched what was soon destined to become a stunning legacy of bourbon.
The tradition of making delicious bourbon has been part of the heritage of this place for more than 2 centuries. In fact, a working distillery has been operating on this land since 1787. The first modern distillery was built on the site in 1857. The first steam pressure was first used on it - a huge step forward in the production of high-quality bourbon. Later the distillery was purchased by E.H. Taylor Jr. one of the first aristocrats in the production of bourbon. Insightful and far-sighted, Taylor used many innovations both at his factory and throughout the whiskey industry. By 1886, the country's first climate control system in warehouses, where whiskeys were kept, was installed at the distillery, after which this drink gained a worldwide reputation as one of the best American bourbons.
During Prohibition, the distillery (one of four) continued to operate thanks to the permission to continue distillation for medical purposes. After the dissolution of the Anglo-Irish Union, Albert Blanton took over the leadership of the distillery and added many improvements in quality control. Blanton enjoyed small-scale bourbon production for himself and his friends. This tradition was used in 1984, when the distillery became the first single-barrel category in the commercial bourbon market.
Today, the Buffalo Trace distillery has 119 acres and 114 buildings. In June 1999 George T.Staggga Distillery was renamed to Buffalo Trace and began producing its main product - Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey in August 1999. In addition to the Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey, the distillery has a history of producing other artfully crafted spirits, winners of numerous competitions, including such beverages as Blanton’s, W.L Weller, Old Charterand Eagle Rare. Since 1990, the distillery has won more prizes than any other distillery in North America, winning more than 140 insignia at national and international competitions including the Whiskey Magazine "Distiller of the Year" award in 2005.
"Colonel Albert Bacon Blanton" In 1894, the world's first singlebarrel category bourbon entered the market under the trademark "Blanton’s Single Barrel Bourbon”. Named after Col. Albert Bacon Blanton, it seemed like the right reward for a man who spent his whole life preserving the traditions of handcrafted bourbon. Colonel Blanton has devoted more than 55 years of his career for the production of excellent whiskey to preserving and improving the heritage of the distillery, which is now known as Buffalo Trace Distillery. Colonel Blanton began working at the distillery in 1897 as a courier when he was only 16, at a nearby farm, where he was born and brought up. For the next few years he had experience in every department of the plant, and by the age of 20 the colonel was appointed as a distillery manager. By 1921 he became president of the plant.
The practical experience of Colonel Blanton in all departments of the distillery was invaluable when he led the company in the most difficult times of the 20th century. Under the direction of Colonel Blanton, the distillery became one of four in the United States (and the only one in Kentucky), which continued to produce whiskey during the times of Prohibition (1920–1933) with special permission from the government. With his leadership, the distillery survived the hard times of the Depression.
In 1959, the Colonel died, having spent more than half a century and most of his life, doing what he loved most in the world and in the place that he loved most. From a messenger to a company president, from a Bourbon magnate to a proud custodian of heritage, Colonel Blanton played an invaluable role in perpetuating and improving one of Kentucky’s best traditions.
Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey Buffalo Trace is produced according to unique time tested traditions. Buffalo Trace starts with Kentucky and Indiana's best corn, selected rye varieties and best malted barley. Together, these grains represent our unique secret, which is known only to the craftsmen responsible for producing the highest quality whiskey. During delivery, the grains undergo a thorough visual inspection for visual defects. Then the nature of the grain is determined in order to ensure that it meets the basic necessary characteristics. Finally, a grain sample is tested in a distillery laboratory to determine compliance with strict standards for the level of moisture and chemical balance of Buffalo Trace.
In order to prepare the newly obtained grain for the pressing process, it must first be carefully ground in accordance with the standards. The grains for Buffalo Trace are ground with a crushing hammer using a sieve that passes grains no larger than 10/64 inch in diameter. Our experience shows that a sieve of this size (it is called # 10) allows more grain to become part of the ground mass, while not losing the integrity of the mass itself.
The water for the wort is fresh and rich in minerals, which passes through natural filtration through Kentucky limestone, is heated under pressure until it is time to add rye. After adding rye, the malted barley gruel is added to the mixture, which allows its active enzymes to break down the starch from the cooked grain into soluble sugar. A new blend at this stage is a tender beer.
This part of the process takes place in our 12 fermentation machines, each containing 89.962 gallons; These are the largest fermentation machines in the industry. After the mash has cooled, yeast is added with a small amount of pre-fermented and distilled pulp. The sugar present in this mixture feeds the yeast, which thus produces alcohol and carbon dioxide. Kentucky's uniquely saturated nutrients with the rich lime used in this process also enrich the yeast. Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey undergoes a natural fermentation process of 3 to 5 days.
The fermented mixture or mash, supplemented with dry residues, reaches the surface and descends through the plates, similar to those used in the coffee pot. Steam enters through the lower part of the distillation apparatus, and the fermented wort from above, having met, forms alcohol vapors. Then the steam is condensed and passes through the second distillation apparatus, where it is converted into a crystal clear liquid, which by law can be a fortress of no more than 80 degrees.
Before Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey is poured into barrels, the barrels themselves are subjected to strict inspection. Barrels used for the Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey should be made from special trees that should be between 70 and 80 years old. Our tree selection standards are expensive, but this is necessary if we want to get excellent results. Also, the tree is examined for grain. If the grain of the wood is very fine, it leads to an immature whiskey, which will be weak and less fragrant. Too coarse grit leads to a predominance of woody notes in taste. Barrels are also inspected for broken or damaged staves and open joints. As a result of such criteria, the Buffalo Trace Distillery has the lowest percentage of barrels return in the industry.
Since every step of production is important, Buffalo Trace Distillery considers the aging process to be the main factor for creating a truly outstanding whiskey. The best whiskey of the plant is kept in warehouses C, I and K and only on special floors. For example, on the 4th and 5th floors of warehouse C and floors 4 through 6, warehouses I and K withstand the best whiskey. These floors are average in stock, so they have the biggest temperature fluctuations during the year, which is key to achieving maturity and producing a balanced whiskey. Warehouses C, I and K are built from large wooden beams and surrounded by a brick wall. Each warehouse has an earthen floor, which best allows nature to do its job in the process of aging and produce truly outstanding whiskey. In addition to this, steam passed under pressure through warehouses in the event of an extremely cold winter compensates for excessive temperature drops.
Only the best bourbon produced at the distillery is bottled as the Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey. About 30-35 barrels of aged whiskey are selected from the middle floors of warehouses C, I and K. Samples from these barrels are subjected to careful analysis. If at least one taster does not confirm the quality of the sample, the whiskey from this barrel will not be used for bottling. Only barrels of whiskey with approved bourbon samples (usually no more than 25-30 barrels) will be put together and bottled as Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey.
Whiskey from selected drums are combined and subjected to a cooling filtration process, lowering the temperature of the bourbon to -1ºC. This process ensures the presence of a more intense aroma and taste of bourbon than when filtered by activated charcoal. Buffalo Trace Distillery was the first distillery to use such a filtering process, which is considered a benchmark in producing the best bourbon.
Slightly bronze in color with gold streaks, Buffalo Trace Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey bears a complex combination of vanilla, mint and molasses. A long and dry finish has considerable depth. When combined with water, the aromas of toffee, fruit and anise are released.